Indian History Books

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Revolution of the Mystics - Revolution of the Mystics

One of the most fascinating episode in the religious history of Southern India is the rise of the Virasaiva movement. These heroic followers of Siva-also called Lingayatas-are characterized by a unique combination of intense devotion and social reformation. The movement arose in the twelfth century under the charismatic leadership of Basava. Men and women from every backgroud, highcaste as well as untouchable, joined the experimental community of the Virasaivas. They has their own sacred literature in the form of short poems in the vernacular language of the region: Kannada.

  • Product Code: BK9896
  • Publisher     :   Motilal Banarsidass Publishers
  • Edition  :   January 1, 1995
  • Pages  :   100
  • Weight   :   550g.
  • Size   :   8.5 x 5.9 x 0.9 inches
  • Cover   :   Hardcover
  • Auther :   J.P. Schouten
  • Language   :    English
  • ISBN : 8120812387, 978-8120812383
Description: One of the most fascinating episode in the religious history of Southern India is...
$30.00 USD $27.00 USD
Art of Mountain Temples
Based on an in-situ study of the art and architecture of various temples in Himachal Pradesh, the present work is result of an in-depth research in art idioms of the temples in Himachal Pradesh up to the thirteenth century of the Common Era. The emphasis in the work has been on art-historical significance of the door-frames of various temples. The development and iconographic features of the temple door frames in Himachal have been compared with their counterparts in other parts of India and the relationship between the two has been discussed to highlight the extension of art idioms from one region to the other. Details of the exquisitely carved doorframes of the large niches in the rock-cut complex at Masrur and the wooden doorframes such as those of the Dakshineshvara Mahadev at Nirmand and Lakshna Devi at Brahmaur have been highlighted perhaps for the first time in this work, which provides a scholarly peep into the ancient art and architecture of this very important region.

The Author:

Dr. Sangram Singh is a young art historian with both the practical and theoretical academic background. He did his bachelor's degree in sculpture from Himachal Pradesh and passed M. A. in History of Art from the Dept. of Fine Arts, Panjab University, Chandigarh followed by Ph. D. from the Dept. of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of the same university. Dr. Singh is actively engaged in research work and has done extensive field-work in various parts of Himachal Pradesh. He has participated in several conferences and seminars at national level and has published research papers based on original field work.
Based on an in-situ study of the art and architecture of various temples in Himachal...
$49.00 USD $44.10 USD
Sakti in Indian Archaeology, Art, Literature and philosphy
This is a volume comprising of selected papers presented in National Seminar on 'Shakti in Indian Art, Archaeology, Philosophy and Literature'. The volume touches various areas of knowledge as the title suggests. Scholars who have contributed to the book are from various fields like Archaeology, Art, Numismatics, Hindustani Art Music, Cultural Anthropology, Literature, Political science and Philosophy. The book takes the cross section of the cultural reflections of the concept of 'Shakti'. Various forms and aspects of 'Shakti' are discussed by scholarly community compiled in the form of this volume. There total 26 papers contributed by scholars coming from various parts of Indian Subcontinent.
This is a volume comprising of selected papers presented in National Seminar on 'Shakti in...
$68.00 USD $61.20 USD
Temples of South Kosala
The present piece of work is the outcome of the holistic, original documentation and survey of the art and architecture of South Kosala which is one of the interesting and dazzling chapters of Indian art history. Temples of a wide range of varieties were constructed in India during the post Gupta period over a time span of more than a millennium broadly in three varieties, namely nagara, dravida and vesara. The inscription Amritesvara temple at Holal Karnataka speaks of the Kalingan style too. The regional schools of art adopting nagara style came into existence under the patronage of the local ruling dynasties between 6 th -11 th century AD. in the territory of South Kosala. This aspect of cultural history has not received adequate attention of the scholars hitherto.

These temples of South Kosala later on developed a sub-regional manifestation. The temples were constructed either of brick or brick and stone or entirely of stone. The uniqueness in the South Kosalan architecture is that group of temples constructed after a star-shaped ground plan, rarely found elsewhere in India. As many as eleven temples of this type documented so far, revealed an interesting account of their architecture. Besides, altogether twenty three temples have been documented including both stellate and non-stellate temples. Thus the study focuses that South Kosala played a significant role in the temple building of all conceivable forms and Experiments of which stellate order is not only pronounced but also unique.

The Author
Dr.Jeeban Kumar Patnaik obtained his first class Master Degree in History from Berhampur University, Odisha in 1980. He did his M.Phil in History from the same University in 1981 with first class first rank. He completed his P.G. Diploma in Archaeology from Institute of Archaeology, New Delhi in 1990. Later on he was awarded Ph.D in History on the topic “Art and Architecture of South Kosala: A case study of Stellate Temples (6 th -11 th century A.D) from Sambalpur University, Odisha in 1998. He rendered his service as a professional archaeologist in Archaeological Survey of India in 1984 and continue to hold various posts. Presently he is Superintending Archaeologist in Excavation Branch-IV, Archaeological Survey of India and Bhubaneswar. As a chartered archaeologist, he has explored many archaeological sites in Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. He participated in excavations of Harappan site of Dholavira (Gujarat), Tarkhanewala Dera (Rajasthan). He assisted in undertaking excavations at Lalitagiri, Udayagiri, Barabati fort in Odisha, Chak-86 in Rajasthan. In addition, he has also undertaken exploration and excavation programmes. Of late, as a director he conducted archaeological excavation at Suabarei, a chalcolithic- neolithic site near Pipili, District Puri, Odisha for two consecutive seasons 2014-15 and 2015-16 along with exploration in the right bank of river Daya during the period under review. His academic bent of mind compels him to involve in contributing a large number of research papers in the field of archaeology, history, culture, art and architecture, epigraphy and numismatic. All the papers were also published in books, journals of national and international repute. Besides he has attended may conferences, workshops, seminars etc. in India and abroad.

He has edited to volumes to his credit cultural heritage of Jajpur, Odisha (2004), Pratna Bharatam “Glory of Archeology, Art, Epigraphy and protection of cultural heritage (2016). His forthcoming books are Excavations at Lalitagiri (1985-91) now in press. He is one of the editors of Indian Archaeology: A Review 2006-07 and 2012-13. He is closely associated with several academic bodies of Odisha State.
The present piece of work is the outcome of the holistic, original documentation and survey...
$62.00 USD
History and Archaeology of Black and Red Ware by H.N. Singh
$65.00 USD $58.50 USD
The Art of India through the Ages
Although the poetry and philosophy of India were discovered by Europeans over a hundred years ago, and had the most important influence, the visual arts of India remained unappreciated. While 'Sakuntala' and the 'Sermons of Buddha' were recognized as having the same stature as the writings of Sophocles or Plato, and were incorporated into every European literary tradition, the plastic arts of India weretreated as if they were pictorial supplement to the history of religion or the anthropology of a remote and alien country, of a mysterious, sensuous, exotic world. The discovery that the arts of India have their proper place in the universal history of art remained to be made. One may, without any fear of exaggeration, claim that this book is the first in the field
Although the poetry and philosophy of India were discovered by Europeans over a hundred years...
$76.00 USD
The Hindu Temple (2 Vols.)
This two-volume work explains in detail the religious and spiritual significance of the temple by means of copious references to Sanskrit texts--both sacred and scientific. It depicts the Hindu Temple as not merely a heap of brick, stone or wood but a visible symbol of aspirations of pious men and women, the throbbings of their hearts in religious fervor and their endeavor for the attainment of salvation. The first four parts of the work are devoted to the philosophy of temple architecture. Part V deals with the origin and development of the temple from the Vedic fire altars to the latest forms. Part VI discusses the pyramidal and curvilinear superstructures in the main varieties of the Sikhara, the Sikhara enmeshed in Gavaksas and the composite Sikhara. Part VII describes the proportional measurements and the rhythmic disposition of the garbha-grha and the vertical section. It discusses the proportions of the Mandapa and the types of temples described in ancient Sanskrit texts like the Brhatsamhita and the Samaranganasutradhara. This most comprehensive and authoritative treatise of ancient Indian Temple Architecture will prove of immense help to the students of ancient Indian culture.

Contents (Vol. 1)
PART I: The Site, Part II: The Plan, Part III: Plan and Supernal Man, Part IV: The Substances of which the temple is built, Names and Origins of the Temple, Part VI. The Superstructure, Part VII: Proportionate Measurement and Varieties of the Temple (Volume 2) Part VIII: The Images of the Temple, Explanation of Plates, Appendix, Sources, Index, Plates I-IXXX.

About the Author(s)
STELLA KRAMRISCH was a pioneering interpreter of Indian art and its religious contexts. During her entire career as a creative scholar, teacher, museum curator and editor, she was a dominant force in shaping European, American, and Asian notions of Indian culture.
This two-volume work explains in detail the religious and spiritual significance of the temple by...
$100.00 USD
A Bouquet of Indian Heritage, Research and Management
A Bouquet of Indian Heritage, Research and Management
(Dr. Agam Prasad Felicitation Volume) (set in Two Volumes) Editors: Prashant Srivastava Sanjaya Kumar Mahapatra
Dr Agam Prasad is a renowned social worker and Managing Director of Agam Kala Prakashan, Delhi. He was born on 13.10.1949 in the family of Shri Swami Prasad, a renowned advocate. After obtaining his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Rajasthan, he did his Master’s in Political Science from Meerut University. He wrote his PhD dissertation in History under the guidance of Prof Agam Prasad Mathur, the renowned historian and former Vice-chancellor of Agra University, Agra. He also holds a Post-graduate Diploma in Museology from Bhopal University and MD (H) from Premier Medical College, Chandigarh. All this goes to show his love for knowledge, and his interest in higher education and heritage management. He has dedicated his life to the service of Indology. He has himself authored Rajasthan ki Prachina Rajanitika Samsthaen (Hindi), acted as co-editor of Felicitation Volumes (Triratna, Dimensions of Indian Art, Vajapeya, and Svasti-sri), and published over a dozen research papers. He is the Honorary General-Secretary of the Commonwealth Historians’ Society, and life Member of Indian Association for the Studies of Conservation of Cultural Property, Indian Archaeological Society, Museums Association of India, ICOM, INTACH, Epigraphical Society of India, Plane Name Society of India, Art and Culture Society of India, etc. He is a widely travelled man. The Indian Astro-Palmists Association of India awarded him the title of Hasta Rekha Martanda, and a silver medal.

Prof Prashant Srivastava (BA Honours, MA, PhD, D.Litt) is Head of the Department of Ancient Indian History and Archaeology, University of Lucknow. After he had received his Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree, both with a first class first, from the University of Lucknow, he was awarded a research fellowship by the U.G.C., and his PhD dissertation on joint, commemorative, and victory coins of ancient India has been widely acclaimed. His DLitt dissertation on foreign elements in ancient Indian coins was also highly appreciated by his learned examiners. He is the recipient of four gold medals—one for BA Honours, two for MA, and one for DLitt. He is the author of twelve books, including Joint Coin-types of Ancient India, Aspects of Ancient Indian Numismatics, Art Motifs on Ancient Indian Coins, The Apracharajas, and Gleanings in Ancient Indian Numismatics, and co-editor of History and Heritage (Essays in Honour of Prof K K Thaplyal). His other publications include about sixty research papers, and over two dozen popular articles. His Encyclopaedia of Indian Coins is the fruit of his endeavours in connection with a major research project, awarded to him by the U.G.C.

Dr Sanjaya Kumar Mahapatra is Principal in Janata College, Kuhuri (Odisha). He has had an illustrious career, devoted to the study of the history, archaeology, and culture. He is the recipient of a number of prestigious awards and honours, like the Rashtriya Gaurava Award of the India International Friendship Society, and the Jyotishvidya Vachaspati Award of the Astrological Foundation, Dinalipi, Behrampur (Odisha). He has recently published Mahisasuramardini in Art, Iconography and Cult Practices, which embodies his PhD dissertation. Besides, he has to his credit, about seventy research papers and articles, published in reputed journals and magazines. He is well-versed in yoga, tantra, and astrology. He was initiated on the path of kirya-yoga by the divine grace of Sri Paramahamsa Hariharananda Giri, the beloved kriya-yoga guru.

A Bouquet of Indian Heritage, Research and Management(Dr. Agam Prasad Felicitation Volume) (set in Two...
$140.00 USD $126.00 USD
The Gupta Empire

The present work describes the material and moral progress which India had achieved during the paramount sovereignty of the Gupta emperors in the fourth and fifth centuries a.d. It traces the origin and rise of the ruling family to Srigupta (240-280 a.d.) and concludes with the reign of Kumaragupta III (543 a.d.). It discusses the spirit of the age and the various trends in the sphere of Religion, Economy, Society, Education, Administration, Art and Architecture. It seeks to bring together all the facts and data derivable from different sources--literary, epigraphic and numismatic, the accounts of foreign visitors, particularly of the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien who has left a detached and valuable record of India`s civilization during the reign of Chandragupta II. Herein we get an accurate picture of India`s golden age, the growth of her various institutions, her activities of expansion, colonization and her intercourse with Indonesia, China and other countries. The work is divided into sixteen chapters. It has an index of proper names and an addenda on the hoard of new Imperial Gupta coins discovered at Bayana in Bharatpur. The work is very interesting and instructive and is designed to meet the requirements of the academic student of history and the general reader alike.

Preface to First Edition:

This work was written in the last days of my teaching at the Lucknow University and suggested by its needs. Its title indicates its scope and limits. It deals only with imperial Gupta history, and not with that of the later Guptas. It seeks to bring together in a concise and condensed form all the facts and data which are derivable from different sources, literary, epigraphic or numismatic, but are treated in separate specialized works. It will thus be found useful to both students and teachers of its subject, who will find in one handy volume all its materials collected and utilized. A special feature of the work is its account of the moral and material progress of the country achieved in the spacious times of the Gupta Emperors, and of the various institutions, social, economic, and administrative in which that progress was embodied. It gives a picture of India's civilization in some of her best days, the days of national freedom and planning, of the beginnings of her expansion, and intercourse with Indonesia and China. It is hoped that it will thus have a larger and more general appeal beyond the narrow circle of academic students of history. Another special feature of the work is its Illustrations, some of which, especially those of coins, are based on line-drawings to bring out more clearly their details which are somewhat obscure or defaced in the originals. The Illustrations will thus serve as useful aids to the study of the coins. Some of the line-drawings I owe to the distinguished Artists, Messrs. Nanda Lal Bose, Asit Kumar Haldar, and P. Neogy, to whom I am grateful. There have been at places repetitions of the same material where it had to be presented from different points of view, and in its various aspects. Such repetitions have not been ruled out.

The method of transliteration adopted in the work is shown in the following examples: Krishna, Vamsa, Lichchhavi.

The publication has been delayed by the prevailing difficulties of printing, and by my deputation by Government to an FAO Conference at Washington (U.S.A.) in October 1946.

I owe acknowledgements to my following pupils who helped me in copying out my MS for the press: Abinas Srivastava, M.A., M. C. Joshi, M.A., Dina Nath Tandon. M.A., and B. Subba Rao, M.A. My thanks are due to Mr. Raja Ram Jayasval, M.A., for the Index.

I am grateful to my friend, Dr, Benjamin Schwartz, Ph.D., of the Indic Section of the Library of Congress at Washington, D.C., U.S.A., for his kind help in correcting the final proofs of the work at Washington.

Preface to Second Edition:

It is gratifying to the Author to find that a work which is somewhat technical in its character with its necessary documentation, literary, epigraphic and numismatic, should call for a second edition in such a short time. Some necessary additions have been made on the basis of new numismatic material derived from the Bayana hoard of Imperial Gupta gold coins recently found in Bharatpur State.

The Author is greatly indebted to the line drawings and other suggestions made by Sri Sivaramamurti, M.A., Superintendent of Archaeology, Indian Museum, Calcutta, in the preparation of the addendum.

The Author records his deep sorrow at the sad and untimely death of his old pupil Sri Raja Ram Jayaswal, M.A., who prepared the Index which remains unchanged in the Second Edition.

Preface to Third Edition:

That a third edition of the work has been called for is gratifying to the author. My thanks are due to the Publishers for their readiness to meet the demand and for the improved get-up which will now make the book more attractive to its readers.

The present work describes the material and moral progress which India had achieved during the...
$32.00 USD
Gandhi Before India
In 1893, when Mohandas Gandhi set sail for South Africa, he was a briefless lawyer who had failed to establish himself in India. In this remarkable biography, Ramachandra Guha argues that the two decades that Gandhi spent in the diaspora were the making of the Mahatma. It was here that he forged the philosophy and techniques that would ultimately destroy the British Empire.
Based on archival research in four continents, this book explores Gandhi's experiments with dissident cults, his friendships and enmities, and his failures as a husband and father. Gandhi Before India tells the dramatic story of how he mobilized a cross-class and inter-religious coalition, pledged to non-violence in their battle against a racist regime.
Deeply researched and beautifully written, this book will radically alter our understanding and appreciation of modern India's greatest man.
In 1893, when Mohandas Gandhi set sail for South Africa, he was a briefless lawyer...
$33.00 USD $29.70 USD
India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium
The bestselling vision document for the future from one of India s most eminent scientists and thinkers
In this ground-breaking vision document, first published in 1998, Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and Y.S. Rajan offer a blueprint for India to be counted among the world s top five economic powers by the year 2020. They cite growth rates and development trends to show that the goal is not unrealistic. Past successes the green revolution and satellite-based communication linking remote regions of the country, for instance bear them out. The same sense of purpose can make us a prosperous, strong nation in a matter of years, assert Kalam and Rajan.

This is a book that every citizen who hopes for a better India must read.

About the Author
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is one of India s most distinguished scientists. He was responsible for the development of India s first satellite launch vehicle, the SLV-3, and the development and operationalization of strategic missiles. As chairman of the Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council, he pioneered India Vision 2020, a road map for transforming India into an economically developed nation by 2020, focusing on PURA as a development system for countrywide implementation.

The President of India between 2002 and 2007, Kalam has been awarded honorary doctorates from thirty-eight universities and the country s three highest civilian honours Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990) and Bharat Ratna (1997).

Yagnaswami Sundara Rajan is a well-recognized authority and a thought leader on technology development, business management and society linkages. He held various positions of responsibility related to science and technology between 1988 and 2002, and has shaped key policies and implemented several successful R&D projects with industry participation.

He was responsible for creating a series of documents related to Technology Vision 2020. After a thirty-year stint with the government, he joined the Confederation of Indian Industry in 1996, where he was principal adviser from 2004 to 2010. Currently an honorary distinguished professor at ISRO, Bangalore, he was awarded the Padma Shri in 2012.
The bestselling vision document for the future from one of India s most eminent scientists...
$19.00 USD $17.10 USD
India's Struggle for Independence
About the Author
Bipan Chandra, recipient of the Padma Bhushan, was born in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. He was educated at Forman Christian College, Lahore and at Stanford University, California. He was Professor of Modern History at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, where he is currently Professor Emeritus. He was honoured as National Professor and was also the Chairperson of the National Book Trust. Professor Chandra has authored several books on nationalism, colonialism and communalism in modern India.
About the AuthorBipan Chandra, recipient of the Padma Bhushan, was born in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh....
$29.00 USD $26.10 USD
Excavation at Karkabhat (Chhattisgarh)
Author : A.K.Sharma
ISBN : 978-81 -7320-103-5
Edition : 2010
Language : English
Size & Pages : Size 23, cm.pp.160, Illus.2010
Publisher : Agam Kala Prakashan
Format : Hardbound
Author : A.K.SharmaISBN : 978-81 -7320-103-5Edition : 2010Language : EnglishSize & Pages : Size 23,...
$30.00 USD $27.00 USD
Social Changes Under British Crown
Social Changes Under British Crown
Auther: Dr. Santanu Kumar Pattnayak,S Edited by Dr. Sanjaya Kumar Mahapatra
Social Changes Under British CrownAuther: Dr. Santanu Kumar Pattnayak,S Edited by Dr. Sanjaya Kumar Mahapatra...
$54.00 USD
Ananda Math - A Literary Classic from Bengal
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1838-1894) is considered to be one of the greatest writers in the world of Bengali literature. One of his most popular novels Ananda Math, considered to be a milestone in the history of modern fiction in India, reeived such wide acclaim in the late 19th century that he came to be referred to as the walter scott of India. Translations of this story appeared in Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi and Urdu. This vividly described story depicts the struggle for freedom in 1773 Bengal.

The British stronghold had gripped Bengal. The rural population starved and suffered, struggling to meet the taxes imposed upon thim by thie\eur rulers poverty stricken villages were left in a state of near abandon. In the face of all this misery, one young man named Satyananda yearned for truth, justice and freedom, and left his home to fight for his motherland. Soon, many others followed suit, and this band of patriotic youngsters came to be know as santaans (children).

The novel Ananda Math played an important role in fostering militant nationalism in Bengal I the early 20th century. Emulating the santaans, many young men gave up their homes and families to join secret societies that worked towards freeing India.

The songs Vande Mataram, which Bankim Chandra first wrote in this novel, echoed through the Indian freedom movement, inspiring patriotism and resolve. It was heard on the lips of many as they braved the lathis of the British police.
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1838-1894) is considered to be one of the greatest writers in the...
$6.00 USD $5.40 USD
Mahatma Gandhi - The Early Days
“I never saw Gandhi…I do not know his language. I never set foot in his country and yet, I feel the some sorrow as if I had lost someone near and dear,” wrote the Frenchman leon blum, when he heard of Mahatma Gandhi’’s death. Million felt the same, not only in India but the world over, for Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was the only leader in modern history who strove to rule not en, but the hearts of men.

Mahatma Gandhi needs no introduction, nor does the magnanimity of his personality. With the principles of ahimsa (non-violence) and satya (truth), the cornerstones of his ideals, ingrained in his consciousness from childhood Gandhiji’s life is a lesson in quiet determination, unfaltering faith and profound values.

In the legendary words of Mahatma Gandhi himself:
“…for me the road to salvation lies through incessant toil in the service of my country and therefore of humanity.”
“…I recognize no God except the God that is to be found in the hearts of the dumb millions.”
“…how con I talk of God to the millions who have to go without two meals a day? To them, God can only appear as bread and butter.”
“…I may live without air and water, but not without Him. You may pluck out my eyes, but that will not kill mi. you may chop off my nose, but that will not kill me. But blast my belief in God and I am dead.”
“I never saw Gandhi…I do not know his language. I never set foot in his...
$6.00 USD $5.40 USD
Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan (3 Vols.)

"This work relates to the (erstwhile) Central and Western Rajput States of India. It embodies the results of scholarly investigation into the ethnology of Rajputs, their religious and social practices, their festivals and rites, their legal and political institutions and the merits and demerits of their characters. Herein we get a real portrait of the different aspects of Rajput life: their loyalty, devotion, gallantry, chivalry as also the instability of their character, their outbreaks of passion, fears, occasional faithlessness of their chiefs and allies and, above all, their addiction to drugs.

The work is divided into three volumes: each volume being sub-divided into books and chapters. Vol I deals mostly with the Geography of Rajasthan, the History of the Rajput tribes and the feudal system of their states. Vol II contains the Annals of Marwar, Bikaner, Jaisalmer and other cities of Rajasthan. Vol III comprises the annals of Amber, Haravati, Bundi and describes Shaikhawat Federation, and contains personal narrative from Udaipur to Kheroda. It has an appendix divided into seven sections and exhaustive general index.

Interspersed with several illustrations, this book is remarkable for its enlightening introduction and exegetical notes."

"This work relates to the (erstwhile) Central and Western Rajput States of India. It embodies...
$59.00 USD $53.10 USD
Prithviraj Chauhan The Emperor of Hearts
"Prithviraj Chauhan was destiny's chosen one, singled out for glory and greatness. During the course of an extraordinary life, he transcended the limits imposed on mortals and achieved Godlike luster. The conquering hero dreamed of a united land where peace prevailed over war and love over hate.

Princess Samyukta loved him from afar, and when Prithviraj Chauhan claimed her for his own, defying the wrath of an implacable foe, their happiness was complete. Victorious in love and war, Prithviraj Chauhan was soon to discover that success came with a terrible price - trials, treachery and tragedy. What happened next? Read the tale of the legendary warrior who lives on in the hearts of those who remember his unmatched valor and timeless heroism."
"Prithviraj Chauhan was destiny's chosen one, singled out for glory and greatness. During the course...
$20.00 USD $18.00 USD
The Art of Paintings Under the Geart Mughals
Author : T.N.Mishra
ISBN : 978-81-7320-140-0
Edition : 2014
Language : English
Size & Pages : Size 23, cm, pp. 134, Illus., Col.
Publisher : Agam Kala Prakashan
Format : Hardbound
Author : T.N.MishraISBN : 978-81-7320-140-0Edition : 2014Language : EnglishSize & Pages : Size 23, cm,...
$32.00 USD
Aspects of Medieval Indian Architecture
1 History and Archaeology
2 Growth of Architecture in Medieval India
3 Urban Punjab : Historical Context
4 Routes, Monuments and Historical Remains
5 Structures and Religion
6 Water Architecture
7 Recreation, Authority and Constructed Space
8 Conclusion
Contents:- 1 History and Archaeology2 Growth of Architecture in Medieval India3 Urban Punjab : Historical...
$59.00 USD $53.10 USD
Medieval Bhakti Movements in India: Sri Caitanya Quincentenary Commemoration Volume

Although some aspects of the medieval bhakti movements are known or have been viewed by the historians from their own angles of vision, much remains to be known, understood and interpreted. The present volume, issued on the occasion of the Quincentenary of Mahaprabhu Sri Caitanya, is an attempt to understand a little more of the medieval bhakti movements of India. The contributors to the volume who have enthusiastically agreed to participate in this project are all specialists in their own fields and their valuable papers are expected to throw new light on many hitherto unknown or known features of the great historical movement, the far-reaching consequences of which are very much lively in the heart of the Indian masses even today. The contributors to this volume are Bimanbehari Majumdar, Niharranjan Ray, G.S. Chhabra, Manorama Kohli, G.V. Saroja, J.C. Jain, M.S. Ahluwalia, H.A. Qureshi, Manjula Bhattacharyya, Uma S. Deshpande, P.S. Mukharya, B.D. Gupta, Hafiz Md. Tahir Ali, N. Jagadesan, R. Champakalakshmi, S.K. Pathak, N. Subrahmanian, R. Meena, K.K. Kusuman, N.H. Kulkarnee, Prabhat Mukherjee, S.N. Sharma, Sarat Chandra Goswami, S. Dutta, N.N. Acharya, Bhaskar Chatterjee, Neal Delmonico, Sachin Majumdar, David Kopf and Pranabananda Jash. A detailed bibliography containing list of books and articles used by the contributors in preparing their papers and also other works pertaining to the bhakti concept has also been supplied. This handy volume has been edited by N.N. Bhattacharyya with an informative introduction. Printed Pages: 424.

About the Author:

Prof. Narendra Nath Bhattacharyya teaches in the Department of Ancient Indian History and Culture, University of Calcutta. Thought religious history in his forte he works at ease in diverse branches of ancient Indian history and civilization.


It is owing to the grace of Mahaprabhu Sri Caitanya that we have been able to bring out the present volume on the occasion of his quincentenary commemoration in our humble capacity. We express our sincere gratitude to the scholars-all eminent in their own fields -who contributed their learned articles to this volume at our request, to the editor who devoted all his time and energy to make the project a grand success, to Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi who came forward to publish the work on our behalf and to those who helped us in many ways. At the same time we place on record our deep sorrow at the death of two of the contri- butors-Prof. Prabhat Mukherjee of Bhuvaneswar and Prof. Sarat Chandra Goswami of Guwahati-and our appreciation of the services rendered by them to the cause of this volume.

Although some aspects of the medieval bhakti movements are known or have been viewed by...
$40.00 USD $36.00 USD
The Mahabharata: Vol I & II
  • Product Code :BK8775
  • Size :6" x 9"
  • Weight :1.780 kg.
  • Author :Ramesh Menon
  • ISBN :8129114925, 978-8129114921
  • Publisher :Rupa Publications India
  • Edition :January 1, 2009
  • Cover :Paperback
  • Language :English
  • Pages :1564

The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are the two great epics of India, the Mahabharata being by far the longer. Both were first composed in verse and, coming down the centuries in the ancient oral tradition, have deeply influenced the history, culture and arts of not only the Indian subcontinent but of most of South-East Asia. The Mahabharata tells of a Great War, and the events that lead upto it.


Ramesh Menon was born 1951 in New Delhi. Studied in St Xavier’s High School and St. Stephen’s College. Lived and worked in Delhi, HongKong, Bangalore, Jakarta and now lives in Kodaikanal. He is the author of The Hunt for K, Blue God: A Life of Krishna and Ramayana (being published by FSG, US)

Specification Product Code :BK8775 Size :6" x 9" Weight :1.780 kg. Author :Ramesh Menon ISBN...
$65.00 USD
The Astadhyayi of Panini, 2 Vols.

"Panini’s Astadhyayi represents the first attempt in the history of the world to describe and analyse the components of a language on scientific lines. It has not only been universally acclaimed as the first and foremost specimen of Descriptive Grammar but has also been a chief source of inspiration for the linguist engaged in describing languages of different regions.

To understand Sanskrit language, and especially that part of it which embodies the highest aspirations of ancient Aryan people, viz., the Brahmanas, Samhitas, and Upani-sads, it is absolutely necessary to have a complete knowledge of the grammar elaborated by Panini. Being a masterpiece of reasoning and artistic arrangement its study is bound to cultivate intellectual powers. Western scholars have described it as a wonderful manife-station of Indian intelligence.

This book is an English translation of Astadhyayi in two volumes and has won a unique position in the world of scholarship."

"Panini’s Astadhyayi represents the first attempt in the history of the world to describe and...
$103.90 USD
Themes and Tasks in Old and Middle Indo-Aryan Linguistics
The present volume contains twelve of the sixteen papers presented at the Linsuistics Section of the 12th World Sanskrit Conference (Helsinki, Finland, 13-18 July, 2003). The papers span a wide range of topics and time depth, extending from Common Indo-Iranian all the way to Modern Indo-Aryan.

The problems and tasks addressed in these contributions pertain to the historical phonology of Sanskrit, Vedic morphosyntax, the evolutionary morphosyntax of Indo-Aryan, the syntax of Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit, Old Indo-Aryan etymologies, Iranian loanwords in Sanskrit, ancient Central and South Asian langauge contacts.
The present volume contains twelve of the sixteen papers presented at the Linsuistics Section of...
$30.00 USD
The Lost River
The Indian subcontinent was the scene of dramatic upheavals a few thousand years ago. The Northwest region entered an arid phase, and erosion coupled with tectonic events played havoc with river courses. One of them disappeared. Celebrated as -Sarasvati' in the Rig Veda and the Mahabharata, this river was rediscovered in the early nineteenth century through topographic explorations by British officials. Recently, geological and climatological studies have probed its evolution and disappearance, while satellite imagery has traced the river's buried courses and isotope analyses have dated ancient waters still stored under the Thar Desert. In the same Northwest, the subcontinent's first urban society"the Indus civilization"flourished and declined. But it was not watered by the Indus alone: since Aurel Stein's expedition in the 1940s, hundreds of Harappan sites have been identified in the now dry Sarasvati's basin. The rich Harappan legacy in technologies, arts and culture sowed the seeds of Indian civilization as we know it now. Drawing from recent research in a wide range of disciplines, this book discusses differing viewpoints and proposes a harmonious synthesis"a fascinating tale of exploration that brings to life the vital role the -lost river of the Indian desert' played before its waters gurgled to a stop.
The Indian subcontinent was the scene of dramatic upheavals a few thousand years ago. The...
$26.00 USD
The Penguin History of Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300
The Penguin History Of Early India From The Origins To AD 1300 gives its readers an exhaustive idea about the history of India, from the time of its formation, through its gradual coalition, to its structure in AD 1300. The account is not a chronological narration of the events that took place to form India, but the narration of the story of India. Romila Thapar s version of the history of India is composed of many stories of the different parts of India which gradually came together to form one great country.

Romila Thapar s The Penguin History Of Early India From The Origins To AD 1300 takes its readers on a journey. The journey begins from the prehistoric era of the Indus Valley Civilization and other such ancient civilizations. It continues through to the emergence of the great empires of the Mauryas, Cholas, and the Guptas. It also talks about the creation of the great epics of The Ramayana and The Mahabharata, and the lives of great scholars and saints who had a huge impact on the life of India and its people such as Gautam Buddha and King Ashoka. The narration of history ends with the year AD 1300, with the reign of Rajendra III, the last Chola King.

The Penguin History Of Early India From The Origins To AD 1300 aims at showing the connections between the social, political, economic and religious aspects of each period. The focus is on tracing the continuities in the history of Early India. Diverse subjects such as religion, art, erotica, language, society are analyzed in conjunction with each other.

This updated edition contains added research on the history of India based on new excavation data, new methods of interpretation of history and changes in academic understanding of the discipline.

About the Author

Romila Thapar is an acclaimed Indian historian.

Her books include Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations, Asoka And The Decline Of The Mauryas, Somanatha: The Many Voices of History, Somanatha: The Many Voices of History, and Dissent in the Early Indian Tradition.

She graduated from Panjab University and received her doctorate degree from the School of Oriental and African Studies from the University of London. Her prime area of research is ancient Indian History. She has won many awards for her excellent work in the field of history. These include the Kluge Prize for the Study of Humanity in 2008 and numerous honorary doctorates from universities such as the University of Calcutta, University of Hyderabad, University of Oxford and University of Edinburgh.
The Penguin History Of Early India From The Origins To AD 1300 gives its readers...
$29.00 USD
The Sculptural Art of Amravati
The character of Africa and the native races of the continent has been discussed. Details of the Early Peoples of South and Western Europe, influence of Greece on the World, the story of Ancient Rome and the fall of the Roman empire have been given.
The character of Africa and the native races of the continent has been discussed. Details...
$52.00 USD
Pre and Early Harappan Culture of Western India
Author : Prabodh Shirwalkar
ISBN : 978-81-7320-134-9
Edition : 2013
Language : English
Size & Pages : Size 29, cm, pp. 310, Illus. B/w,2013
Publisher : Agam Kala Prakashan
Format : Hardbound
Author : Prabodh ShirwalkarISBN : 978-81-7320-134-9Edition : 2013Language : EnglishSize & Pages : Size 29,...
$52.00 USD $46.80 USD
Saiva Traditions through the Ages
The Author

Dr. Ajai Pal Singh was born in 1933 in the village Pahoripur Jarkhat District Kanauj, Uttar Pradesh. He completed his high school and intermediate from D.N. College Tirwa. He graduated from Allahabad University in science. He took his M.A. Degree in Ancient Indian History from Vikram University, Ujjain and completed his post graduate Diploma in Museology from Bhopal University, Bhopal. He was awarded Ph.D. Degree from Bhopal University, Bhopal. Besides this he has the following books to his credit.

1. Conservation and Museum Techniques.
2. Forts and Fortification of India.
3. Defensive art of India.
4. Monuments of Orchha.
5. Monuments of Mandu.
6. Concept of Environment in Ancient Art and Architecture.
7. Monuments a Vision of Harmony.
8. Geometrical Patterns of Ancient Icons.

Dr. Singh has contributed a good number of research papers to various reputed Journals.
The Book
Siva Mahadeva has been worshiped for thousand of years as the great God of India. His cult extended from the homeland of the Sakas in Central Asia to Kanya Kumari. There are numerous myths and legends associated with Him. It has been a rather of extreme happiness for us to gain an insight into the mysteries to Saiva philosophy as limited not to Cosmic lubrication but yoga and spiritual sadhana for the control of puranic energy. The worships of icons of Siva in Linga and image form originated right from the prehistoric period. The excavation of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa substantiate to this fact.

The present work dealing with varous aspects and forms of Siva and Sakti of Hindu Iconography. The present work may be helpful to the readers having great faith on Siva.
The work has been very well illustrated with numerous photographs and figures that add to pictorial value of the book.
The AuthorDr. Ajai Pal Singh was born in 1933 in the village Pahoripur Jarkhat District...
$69.00 USD $62.10 USD
Siva in Indian Art
Siva’s Iconography is of seminal importance in the history of Indian Art. The present work, Siva in Indian Art, for the first time, presents an exhaustive study of the impact of mythology on the iconography of Siva from the earliest to the 16th century C.E. The author compares the Saiva sculptures of Andhra with their counterparts belonging to the other schools of art like the Pallava, the Chalukya, the Chola, the Rashtrakuta, the Kalinga and others of South India which makes the work authoritative and exhaustive.

Further, the study also throws fresh light on the iconographical evolution of different forms of Siva, besides their physiognomy. The forms of Siva are grouped as Nrityamurtis, Samyuktamurtis, Samharamurtis, Anugrahamurtis, Saumyamurtis & Pratyekamurtis. Being a serious research work this is very valuable for the history of Iconography of Siva and serves as a beacon for further research in this field. With over 100 illustrations, this is an essential book for anyone interested in Indian art.

The Author
Dr. D. Kiran Kranth Choudary, (b.1954), Ph.D., D.Litt. is Professor of Ancient Indian History, Culture & Archaeology and also the Principal and Dean Faculty of Arts, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati. He is the Coordinator of the UGC SAP DRS-I. His field of specialization is Art and Architecture in which he contributed innovative articles. He has completed five Research Projects sponsored by the UGC and ICHR. He has organized seven conferences/seminars/ workshops on different themes. He was the Coordinator of the Association of Indian Universities, 78th Annual Meet of the All India Vice-Chancellors. He received training in Remote Sensing for Archaeology at NRSA, Hyderabad. He chaired many sessions in various conferences and seminars. As a resource person he delivered lectures/talks in different universities in India and Abroad.

Dr. Kiran Kranth has published books: Five Prominent Temples of Bhuvanesvar (1982), Ragadhuli (1984), Ramayana in Indian Art and Epigraphy (2006), Srikalahstisvara Temple, A Study based on Epigraphs and Sculptures (2008), Teluguvari Silpakala (2012) and also edited Sankaram, Recent Researches on Indian Culture (2000), Prasadam, Recent Researches on Archaeology, Art, Architecture and Culture (2004), Ancient Civilizations (2006) and Archaeology and Art: New Dimensions (2008). He has seventy six research papers to his credit published in reputed Research Journals. He served as Dean (Exams) and Special Officer (Evaluation) for the university and also former Head and Chairman Board of Studies, Dept of A.I.H.C. & Archaeology. He is awarded Sri Gomateshwara Vidyapeetha Award-2008, Srikalahastisvaraswamy vari Puraskaram-2010, Meritorious Teacher Award-2011and Government of Andhra Pradesh State Awards to Meritorious Teachers-2013. He is associated with many academic bodies in various capacities. As poet and creative writer he is associated with many literary and cultural organizations.

Preface ix
Foreword xiii
Abbreviations xxxi
List of Illustrations xxxiii
1. Introduction 1
2. Nṛityamūrtis 28
3. Saṁyuktamūrtis 47
4. Saṁhāramūrtis 68
5. Anugrahamūrtis 99
6. Saumyamūrtis 122
7. Pratyēkamūrtis 151
8. Epilogue 185
Glossary 206
Bibliography 214
Index 231
Plates 239
Siva’s Iconography is of seminal importance in the history of Indian Art. The present work,...
$60.00 USD
The Monuments of Sanchi set in three vols.
The Monuments of Sanchi, the magnum opus of Marshall and Foucher, is the result of painstaking exposition of the monuments, their assessment and description which is a signal service rendered to Indian culture in general and Buddhist art and architecture in particular. This monumental work by Marshall and Foucher is in three volumes. The present reprint, is reduced to almost two-thirds of the original size without impairing in any manner ts original quality. This would prove to be a real boon to students of Indology and Indian Culture, art historians, critics and archaeologists as well.
The Monuments of Sanchi, the magnum opus of Marshall and Foucher, is the result of...
$135.00 USD
Myth and Legends in Indian Art
In this exellent book, the authors discuss the concept and role of myths and legends in Indian art. The centrality of myths andlegends in ancient Indian literature, folklore and popular imagination has been brought out. In the second part of the book, masterpieces of art have been carefully included keeping in mind chronological range, variety of mediums, different sources of repositories and above all their way of presentation. art.
In this exellent book, the authors discuss the concept and role of myths and legends...
$65.00 USD $58.50 USD
Scientific Preservation of Ajanta Murals
This book deals about scientific investigation about mural art of Ajanta reflecting two decades of research. This discovery of Ajanta and measures adopted by various art lovers in early 19th Century at has direct impact on its conservation as detailed in the book. The ancient Indian painting recipe and mural art techniques employed at Ajanta has been incorporated in the book. Detailed studies about nature and characterization of mud mortar of Ajanta / Ellora which support the survival of mural art have been elaborated. The source of raw materials for the preparation of Ajanta / Ellora mud plaster, addition of various aggregates, proteinaceous adhesive and vegetal remains in the plaster for its preparation has been detailed in the book. An elaborative study about the discovery of Cannabis Sativa (Hemp or Bhang) in the mud plaster of Ellora has been discussed. The book also highlights the data for cross sectional study of painted plaster; the analytical data obtained through the instrumental analysis of the pigment and plaster layers using XRF, XRD, FTIR, Raman Spectroscopy, SEM, thermo – hygrograph, Lux meter, Protimeter, Carbon dioxide analyzer, noise meter etc, in details. This detailed investigation has helped in the preparation of matching mud / lime plaster at Ajanta / Ellora for restoration purpose. The impact of visitors on cave murals of Ajanta like variations of temperature, humidity, noise level, carbon dioxide level etc, within the caves besides impact of light on the painted plaster, degradation of murals caused by application shellac varnish, insect activity on the murals have been discussed. The scientific cleaning methods employed at Ajanta for the removal of 19th century shellac coating, soot, dust, dirt etc, from the painted surface has been discussed along with photograph of before / after cleaning activity. The recent cleaning efforts undertaken in the Hinayana cave of Ajanta has been specifically highlighted under unseen Ajanta.

This book also discuss about the application of saline technique for the consolidation of sculpture of Ajanta / Ellora.

About the Author:
Dr. Manager Singh, M. Sc, Ph.D, Superintending Archaeological Chemist, ArchaeologicalSurvey of India, Aurangabad has received his master degree in chemistry from Gorakhpur University and Ph.D in chemistry on “Scientific investigation of Ajanta Paintings and Performance evaluation of materials” from Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, Maharashtra. He was associated with the preservation of Ajanta cave murals from 1997 – 2008 and carried out extensive research on the materials and technique of mural art of Ajanta / Ellora. He has published about four dozen research papers in the field of scientific conservation of our art works mostly in international journals. He has been covered extensively by Discovery channel, Japanese T.V and German print media for his innovative work on cleaning of hinayana painting of cave no. 10, Ajanta under unseen Ajanta. Prior to his service in Archaeological Survey of India, he has also served in Geological Survey of India, Bangalore and Naval Science & Technological laboratory, Visakhapatnam. He has been received three months ICCROM training on stone Conservation in Venice on stone conservation and visited many countries to deliver lectures on scientific conservation of Murals in India and characterization of ancient materials with the help of scientific analysis for synthesis of compatible restoration materials.
This book deals about scientific investigation about mural art of Ajanta reflecting two decades of...
$72.00 USD $64.80 USD
Neolithic Cultures of South India
The book Neolithic Cultures of South India deals with cultural changes and adaptations of the settled life in different stages of time span during the Neolithic period in South India. This particular book has many unique qualities like the south Indian Neolithic cultural sites are briefly documented based on the excavation reports. Being the field archaeologist the author very well used the various data available in the excavation reports to farm the conclusive results. Technological developments in the field of stone tools and other associated technologies such as metallurgy, stone and terracotta beads; development of pottery and its stages really attracts the attention. In Origin and Chronology of the Culture the methods he adopted is not based on hypothesis; but based on the scientific dating methods which speaks volumes on the authenticity of the facts. The book deals with all the aspects of the Culture like disposal of the dead, domestication of the animals and plants, architecture and the aesthetic wisdom of the people in detail. This culture in South India is associated with ash mounds and it is briefly cited in this volume. In the Archaeological studies of Indian cultures such compilation and analysis is needed and this particular book faithfully fulfills the need of the hour in many respects. The photographs and drawings used in this book are original in nature. They enhance the quality of the presentation and it is worth to be possessed by anyone interested in the field of study.


Dr. Shivananda was born in Bengaluru the capital of Karnataka State in 1954. He received his higher education at Hubli, earning B.A., (1972), M.A., (1974) from Karnatak University, Dharwad and Ph.D., in Ancient history and Archaeology (1995) from the University of Mysore, Mysore. Dr. Shivananda worked in Archaeological Survey of India in various capacities before he retired as Regional Director. He has authored several books including the Guide book on Mattanchery Palace (1997) and Champaner Pavagadh (2009) Catalogue of Antiquities in Tipu Sultan Museum at Srirangapattana (2013), Excavations in Gujarat (2015). He has published more than 50 papers in various books and journals and edited Gauravam, Dr. B. K. Gururaja Rao Felicitation Volume (1996), Pratnakirti Prof. Srinivasa H Ritti Felicitation volume (2012) and assistant Editor of Sri Nagabhinandanam: Dr. M.S. Nagaraja Rao Felicitation Volume (1995).
The book Neolithic Cultures of South India deals with cultural changes and adaptations of the...
$90.00 USD $81.00 USD
The Successors of the Mauryas: A political History Based on coins & Inscriptions
Author : Prashant Srivastava
ISBN : 978-81-7320-173-8
Edition : 2017
Language : English
Size & Pages : 23 cm, pp.248,Illus.
Publisher : Agam Kala Prakashan
Format : Hardbound
Author : Prashant SrivastavaISBN : 978-81-7320-173-8Edition : 2017Language : EnglishSize & Pages : 23 cm,...
$45.00 USD
The Origin and Development of Vaisnavism

About the Book

This edition is revised and enlarged to update the material and impart more depth to author's strikingly original interpretations. Especially those relating to Narayana and Vasudeva-Krsna. It questions the general assumption that the sentiment of personal devotion or bhakti formed a basic component of pre-Aryan aboriginal cults from which it was borrowed by later sectarian religions.

The author argues that religious consciousness being an ideological reflex of man's real life process its structure also undergoes changes in conformity with the changing social relations. The adoption of the principle of ahimsa and of vegetarianism in Vaisnavism is explained in its social context. It is shown how Puranic Vaisnavism envolved in the process of revitalizing brahmanism through assimilating a number of orthodox non-conformist and tribal elements; the absorption of Mother-goddess Sri-Laksmi in the Vaisnava pantheon is a case in point. The revised edition throws fresh light on the Narasimha incarnation of Visnu and the romodelling of some Vaisnava rituals. Finally, it highlights the social role of this religion and indicates the extent of its influence- in post-Maurva and Gupta times.

About the Author

Suvira Jaiswal took her MA from the university of Allahabad in 1953 and received her doctorate from Patna University and joined the Centre for Historical Studies Jawaharlal Nehru University in 1971 as Associate Professor and retired in 1990 Mrs Jaiswal was made President of the Ancient India Section of the thirty-eighth session of the Indian History Congress held at Bhubaneshwar in 1977. Currently she is engaged in research on social history of early India and has prepared a historiographical survey of the work done on the subject under a scheme sponsored by the Indian Council of Social Science Research.


The scope of the work is limited to the history of Vaisnavism in post-Maurya and Gupta periods, although I had to go back often to earlier times to explain the rise of certain cults, rituals and doctrines in the period under study. It largely embodies my thesis approved for the degree of Ph.D. at the Patna University in 1963. It was sent to press early in 1964; but due to the non-availability of certain diacritical marks in the press, the publication was much delayed, and even then the sign m could not be printed properly in most cases. I crave the indulgence of my readers on this score.

I want to express my deep sense of gratitude to Professor Ram Sharan Sharma, Head of the Department of History, Patna University, who has supervised my work. His inspiring interest and exacting standards of scholarship have gone a long way to make the work what it is. I am also under obligation to Dr. Yogendra Misra, who guided me during the absence of Professor Sharma in England and gave me sound advice on several technical matters. My examiners, Professors A.L. Basham and D.C. Sircar offered me some very helpful criticisms and suggestions; to them my' most sincere thanks are due. I am deeply beholden to late Professor D.D. Kosambi, who during his last visit to Patna in 1964, found time to look through the typescript and gave me valuable advice. It is a matter of deep regret to me that the book could not come out during his lifetime. I am obliged to Professor Tan Yun-Shan, Director, Visva-Bharati, Cheena Bhavan, Santiniketan, for sending me a copy of a relevant passage found in the Chinese Tripitaka along with its English rendering. I also wish to thank Dr. Mrs. Vina Mazumdar, my erstwhile colleague and now Education Officer, University Grants Commission, for her keen interest in my work. My discussions with her have been stimulating and thought-provoking. I have also the pleasure of expressing my special thanks to Sri S.M. Karimi, Reader, Department 'of Geography, Patna University, for preparing the map and to Sri Radha Krishna Chaudhuri, Dr. Bambahadur Mishra and Dr. Dvijendra Narayan Jha for extending their help to me in various ways.

For financial assistance, I am grateful to Dr. G. Jacob, the then Vice-Chancellor of Patna University, for granting me a sum of Rs. 1000.00 to meet a part of the expenses involved.

Finally, I would like to thank my husband; Sri B.P. Jaiswal, for his constant encouragement and co-operation without which it would have been impossible for me to accomplish the task.

About the Book This edition is revised and enlarged to update the material and impart...
$35.00 USD